Posted By:Dr. Ritesh Anand On 2023/04/20

The medical speciality that is used to improve bodily functions and appearance, treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, or to restore a ruptured area, is known as surgery. The two most common types of surgeries are plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery.

This article will provide you complete information related to Cosmetic Surgery vs Plastic Surgery by making you understand what is cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery including their sub-disciplines, the difference between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery, etc.

Table of Contents

Feel free to skip ahead if one topic catches your eye:

  1. Plastic Surgery and Cosmetic Surgery: The Difference
  2. Plastic Surgeon VS Cosmetic Surgeon

Take Away


Many people got confused between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery. Both the specialities are closely related. The difference between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery is given here:


It is a surgical speciality. It is used to re-design, repair, and modify the human body. Sub-disciplines of plastic surgery include aesthetic surgery, burn surgery, hand surgery, craniofacial surgery, microsurgery, and pediatric plastic surgery.

Why is plastic surgery called plastic surgery? Now this question may arise in your mind. The name plastic surgery is not taken from a synthetic substance. This is derived from the Greek word plastikos which means the art of modelling or reshaping.

Procedure: Some of the common procedures of plastic surgery include:

  • Mastectomy or Lumpectomy: Breast reconstruction
  • Cheiloplasty: Correct cleft lip
  • Palatoplasty: Correct cleft palate
  • Reconstruction of various defects
  • Dermabrasion: Skin surgery (acne scars, wrinkles, age spots, etc.)

Techniques: The most common and popular procedure in plastic surgery is the transfer of skin tissue (skin grafting). These grafts can be taken from the recipient or donors:

Side Effects: The most common complications that may arise during the procedure of plastic surgery are blood loss, infection, scarring, blood clots, nerve or organ damage, etc.


Cosmetic surgery is a voluntary surgery that is performed to make a person attractive and remove signs of aging.

Procedure: Some of the most common procedure of cosmetic surgery are as under:

  • Liposuction: Removal of abnormal fat deposits
  • Abdominoplasty: Tummy tuck
  • Gynecomastia: Male Breast correction
  • Buttock Augmentation: Butt implant
  • Lip Augmentation: Lip surgery
  • Otoplasty: Ear surgery
  • Brachioplasty: Arm lift
  • Blepharoplasty: Eyelid surgery
  • Breast Augmentation: Breast implant
  • Rhinoplasty: Nose job
  • Rhytidectomy: Facelift
  • Laser Resurfacing: Skin rejuvenation
  • Botox: Wrinkles reduction
  • Fillers: Facial Ageing

Side Effects: Mild bleeding, infection, seroma formation, scarring, temporary numbness etc. are some of the complications of cosmetic surgery.

Benefits of Plastic Surgery and Cosmetic Surgery


The difference between a plastic surgeon and a cosmetic surgeon may arise in various ways. These include:

  1. Education: They both are required to complete graduation (MBBS) from medical college, training in General Surgery (MS/DNB), and complete a five-year MCh from a recognized institute to get super specialization in the field.
  2. Certifying Board: The plastic surgeons are certified by the Association of Plastic Surgery of India (APSI) while the cosmetic surgeons are certified by the Indian Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (IAAPS).
  3. Residency Program: In the residency program of cosmetic surgery vs plastic surgery, it is concluded that plastic surgery includes some portion or basics of cosmetic surgery also in the surgeons training. While the training program of cosmetic surgery focuses only on the procedure of cosmetic surgery.
  4. Skills Required: A plastic surgeon must have some basic skills such as communication skills, interpersonal skills, motor skills, technical skills, excellent vision, team management, stamina to cope with a busy schedule, etc.
    The skills required for a cosmetic surgeon include a detailed knowledge of anatomy, a very good aesthetic sense, ability to work for long durations, and to accept criticism, thinking and reasoning skills, pay attention to details, etc.
  5. Time Required: To become an established plastic surgeon one may require a period of about 12-13 years which includes training and education. While to become a good cosmetic surgeon one may need to train himself in the field of cosmetic surgery for another 4-5 years, so it makes take about 16-18 years to become a good cosmetic surgeon.

Take Away

Dr Ritesh Anand is one of the well known and best cosmetic surgeons in Delhi. He has the highest qualification (MBBS, MS, MCH) in the field. He has experience of 16 years in all subspecialties of cosmetic & plastic surgery. He always uses modern techniques for the treatment. Dr Anand is also a member of the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), Indian Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery(IAAPS), Rhinoplasty Society of India and Association of Plastic Surgeons of India(APSI).