Gynecomastia Surgery: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Posted By:Dr. Ritesh Anand On 2022/02/02

What is Gynecomastia?

Men and women are different in several ways most apparently in their appearances. One of the biggest visible difference is the appearance of the breast. While women have large contoured breasts, men have a more flattened appearance. However, some men have larger breasts, a condition that is called, Gynecomastia. In this condition, the male breast swells and appears abnormally large. It happens due to an imbalance in estrogen and testosterone hormones and can affect one or both breasts. Newborns, young boys hitting puberty, or older men, all can get affected by hormonal disproportion that leads to gynecomastia.

Dr. Ritesh Anand, one of the best cosmetic surgeons of Delhi provides excellent. gynecomastia surgery. He has a rich experience of nearly 16 years in the field and has given life-transforming results to many patients. He blends the most recent technologies with the procedures and ensures the best possible outcomes and revolutionize the face of cosmetic surgery in delhi.

What are the Causes of Gynecomastia?

Primarily gynecomastia is associated with an imbalance in the sex hormones. Every individual has both male sex hormone (testosterone) and female sex hormones (estrogen). When a male has a higher proportion of estrogen, it leads to gynecomastia. Sometimes infants are born with palpable breast tissues. This is because they derive high estrogen from the mother. This condition is often resolved on its own as the hormone levels return to normal. Some health issues like liver diseases, kidney diseases, tumors in testes or pituitary glands, etc., can elevate the risk of hormonal imbalance.

The condition can stem from many other factors as well. Alcohol abuse and certain medicines/drugs like anabolic steroids, ulcer medication, chemotherapy, some antibiotics, etc are also potential gynecomastia causes.

What are the Symptoms of Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is not a serious or critical health issue but is observed to affect people psychologically and is often associated with lower self-esteem. If you experience gynecomastia interfering with your daily life, gynecomastia surgery can dramatically change your life for good.

Gynecomastia is mostly a visible enlargement of breasts. You can also feel tenderness and swelling in the gland tissues. Any asymmetry in the breasts or increased diameter of the areola is also a sign of gynecomastia. Some of the symptoms like unusual pain and swelling, nipple discharge, or any combination of these should be taken as a trigger a necessity to check with your doctor.


What are the Treatment for Gynecomastia?

Cosmetic surgery is the most effective method to address gynecomastia. Anatomically, firm glandular tissues and soft fatty tissues form the breasts. The ratio of these tissues differs in different individuals. The surgical technique needed to treat gynecomastia is determined by analyzing the ratio of these tissues that are in excess. Two types of surgeries are used to remove each kind of excess tissue. The cost of surgery depends on the type of procedure you need.

Liposuction is used to remove soft fatty tissues. The procedure involves breaking the underlying fat and removing the tissues using a tube inserted through small incisions.

Excision is a type of surgery that is used to remove glandular tissues. These tissues are extracted with the help of a scalpel. Incisions are made around the nipple and can leave minor scarring.

In some cases, both procedures are needed to achieve the best results. While some people may argue about the expenses, the final outcomes worth the cost of surgery.


Alternative Treatment for Gynecomastia

Another gynecomastia treatment is hormone therapy. Medicinal drug is given to block the action of estrogen in the body to reduce the symptoms. If gynecomastia is caused by some other underlying condition, treatment may be given to address that issue. For example, if some medication is causing the condition, you would be advised to switch to an alternative. However, in most cases, gynecomastia is resolved without any treatment.